Title : "Experimental Host of Stellantchasmus Falcatus"

Researcher : Wongsawad C., Chariyapongpun P. and Namue C.

Office of Researcher : BIOLOGY


The purpose of this research was to determine the incidence and intensity of infection in experimental host of minute intestinal trematode, Stellantchasmus falcatus (family Heterophyidae). Experimental hosts consisting of uninfected mice (Mus musculus) and one-day-old-chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus) were orally force fed with a hundred metacercariae of S. falcatus obtained from the body cavity of the freshwater fish Dermogenys pusillus. The worms, then, were checked from 24 hours to 30 days post-infection. The heterophyid flukes were distributed in the ileum and jejunum of the chicks and small intestine of mice with 70% (21/30) and 80% (24/30) of incidence and intensity of infection range from 1-44 (24.6) and 1-67 (7.8), respectively. The body size of S. falcatus at 24 hours was 0.1-0.15 (0.13) x 0.29-0.39 (0.33) mm in chicks and 0.14-0.17 (0.15) x 0.29-0.32 (0.3) mm in mice. The maximum length and width of the worms were found within 5 days post-infection, of 0.2-0.25 (0.22) x 0.49-0.62 (0.55) in chicks and 0.19-0.22 (0.2) x 0.38-0.52 (0.44) mm in mice. Developing egg was found in the second day after infection and the number of egg increase with the age of the parasite. Embryonated eggs were recovered in the feces of mice 9 days post-infection. S. falcatus infection in the other experimental host was done in rat (Rattus norvegicus), but rats were fed with whole number of metacercariae which found in the body cavity of fish, D. pusillus. The results appear to be the same as in the chicks and mice.

Published in : The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 29(2), 1998, 406-409.